EA 21 2015 Pakistan Flood Response

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GENERAL INFORMATION SHEET
1.1 Programme title Pakistan Flood Response 2015
1.2 EA number EA21/2015–Pakistan
1.3 Programme start & end dates Start date: August 01, 2015End date: April30, 2016 Duration: implementation phase of 9 months
it was closed on 31st December 2015)
1.4 Period covered Dates: August 01, – December 2015
1.5 Geographical Focus District(s)/province/city (diocese/parish)

S. # Diocese Province Districts
1 Islamabad/Rawalpindi Punjab Mianwali and Khushab
2 Lahore Punjab Kasur, Sialkot
3 Multan Punjab (Southern) D.G Khan, Rajanpur, Layyah
1.6 Name(s) of implementing partner(s ) National Caritas implementing: Caritas Pakistan
Dioceses or others implementing:
– Diocese Islamabad-Rawalpindi, Lahore, Multan, Hyderabad , Quetta
1.7 Beneficiaries
Sectors Initially planned Reached
Food & nutrition 1200 households 55 households
WASH 3000 households 305 households
Shelter and Non-Food Items 300 households (shelter) and 1500 households (NFIs) 50 households
Health 3500 0000
Livelihoods 1500 individuals 200 individuals
1500 animal
Education 1400 students (school children)
Capacity building / training 1,500 158

CONTEXT

Torrential rains, rapidly melting of snow and glacial lake outburst further aggravated the floods situation across Pakistan. The floods have affected over 3,439 villages in over 23 Districts across Pakistan with 191 have died, 159 people have been injured and over 1,336,539 people have been affected.

Chitral District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and six Districts of Punjab province have been badly hit. 300,000 people affected by the flash floods in the northern district of Chitral. Flash flooding also occurred in Districts Diamer, Astore, Gilgit, Hunza-Nagar, Ghizer and Ghanche While Chitral were declared a calamity-hit zone

In Punjab, the districts of Rajanpur, Layyah, DG Khan, Rahim Yaar Khan and Muzaffargarh inundated by floodwater, According to the details more than 500 villages in Muzaffargarh, Layyah, KehrorLallUssain and KotMithan were inundated. Embankments were collapsed in Dera Ghazi Khan while the authorities had to opened spill ways of Tarbela Dam. Crops grown on thousands of acres of land along at least 256 kilometres (kms) of the river was also destroyed. The authorities had to shut down more than 200 canals due to flood in Head Taunsa. These canals include Muzaffargarh Canal, Dera Ghazi Khan Canal and TP Link.

According to reports from PDMA Baluchistan, heavy rainfall and windstorms damaged 106 houses in Zhob, DeraBugti and Kohlu Districts. There are also reports of flooding in Barkhan, Harnai, Musakhel and KillaSaifullah Districts but so far no information of damages have been received.

Flood water receded in a months from affected areas and which highlighted leaving crops destroyed, houses damaged, water contaminated and stagnant water posing serious threats to public health issues to affected population. But right now the affectees has somehow recovered but still there are unmet needs particularly shelters and WASH sectors. The affected couldn’t really receive the compensation as government provided the portion to district government which couldn’t reached to the affected households.

  • Reference both primary and secondary data (partner(s)

National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), Provincial Disaster Management Authorities (PDMAs),UNOCHA updates, local newspapers

PROPOSED RESPONSE

GEOGRAPHICAL FOCUS

The project initially was planned to be implemented in 10 districts through five diocesan units. Details of target areas per diocese are as under.

  1. Islamabad-Rawalpindi diocese : Districts Mianwali and Khushab
  2. Lahore Diocese: District Sialkot.
  3. Multan Diocese : Districts D.G Khan, Rajanpurand Layyah
  4. Hyderabad Diocese: Khairpur, Ghotki and Jamshoro,
  5. Quetta Diocese: District Khuzdar and Sobatpur.

Keeping in the view the funding situation and areas affected by the floods, the project was limited to three diocesan units due to underfunded, following is the detail

  1. Islamabad-Rawalpindi diocese : District Mianwali
  2. Lahore Diocese: District Sialkot.
  3. Multan Diocese : District D.G Khan and Layyah.

SECURITY SITUATION
No incidents reported from flood affected areas. However, areas in the Province of Baluchistan remainedhighly risky and volatile. Caritas Pakistan has conducted a meeting with Provincial Disaster Management Authorities (PDMA)and security agenciesto determine appropriate security status.

  • Tense in Baluchistan Province, district Sobatpur and Khusdar: varied security risks; may limit access to target areas at times.
  • Normal in all other flood affected districts: no significant security risks that may affect the response.

RESPONSE OBJECTIVES / LOGICAL FRAMEWORK
GOAL:To contribute to the ability of flood affected communities to restore their lives

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE

  • Food:To cover unmet nutrition needs of 1,200 flood affected households;
  • WASH:To reduce the risks of waterborne diseases for 3,000 flood affected households;
  • Health:To protect 3,500 flood affected people from possible health risks;
  • Shelter/NFIs:To provide adequate living conditions to 300 flood affected households and to prepare 1,500 households for the winter season.
  • Livelihood:To restore livelihoods of 1500 flood affected households;
  • Education:To prevent school drop-out of 1,400 flood affected vulnerable children and in flood affected communities at large;
  • Capacity building:To build the capacity of affected communities in DRR, preparedness and protection issues in emergencies.

RESULTS
SO 1 Food Security
Result 1.1 1200 households have access to sufficient food in flood affected areas by first quarter of the project.
Result 1.2 1000 PLW have an increased knowledge on nutrition needs of mother and child in emergencies.

Progress Achieved: 55 flood affected families have received food packages and women of the selected families participated in awareness raising sessions onnutrition needs of children and pregnant and lactating women.

Activities SO1:
Caritas Pakistan Multan distributed food package to 55 families in district Layyah, Diocesan Executive Secretary Mr. Samuel clement also participated in the distribution. Distribution was held on September, 12 2015.

The number of beneficiaries had to be revised because of underfunding of the appeal.
The methodology of distributions is the following:

  • Prior to the distribution of the relief packages, vulnerable families (beneficiaries) affected by floods were identified and a list of these families was prepared.
  • In the second step “Distribution Coupons’ were handed over to these already listed families a day before the distribution.
  • Beneficiaries Name/parents name, additionally CNIC number were mentioned on coupons that were signed and stamped by Caritas Pakistan officials.
  • At the day/time of distribution, coupons were checked to ensure that it contain the required information also ensuring that person receiving the relief package was the same person who was identified/selected at the time of selection of beneficiaries.
  • In case beneficiary doesn’t have the CNIC, he/she was verified by the village head/parish priest/catchiest and community development group (CDG)etc. And then his/her package was handed over.

SO 2: WASH

Result 2.1 3000 households have adequate knowledge and supplies to follow safe hygiene practices;
Result 2.2 1000 women demonstrate improved hygiene behaviours;
Result 2.3100 households have increased access to a safer/safe drinking-water source;
Result 2.4 100 households have access to latrines, accessible to children and differently able people;
Result 2.5 500 community members/masons have appropriate knowledge/skills and are enabled to build resilient infrastructure techniques.

Progress achievement

  • 305 flood affected households have received hygiene kits, and same numbers of women have participated in awareness sessions on hygiene promotions.
  • 15 flood affected households receive support to repair/install hand pumps.
Distribution in districtMianwlai
Distribution in districtMianwlai

Activities SO 2:
Due to stagnant water and unhygienic practices, hygiene promotion was the top priority of the program. Despite underfunding of the appeal initial targets have been reached. Hygiene kits were distributed along with food items and the same methodology was used during the distribution of hygiene kits.
Distribution of hygiene kits to 55 families was held in district Layyah on September 12, 2015.
Hygiene kits were distributed to 250 families in district Mianwali by Islamabad-Rawalpindi diocese.

Details of distribution:

S. No Areas Numbers of Families
1 10 September 2015 UC Piplan, district Mianwali 250
2 12 December 2015 UC Bakhri Ahmad district Layyah 55

SO 3 Shelter/NFIs
Result 3.1 300 flood affected households live in safe & adequate shelters;
Result 3.2 1,500 households have appropriate household items and withstand during winter season;
Result 3.3 500 community members/masons have appropriate knowledge/skills and are enabled to build resilient houses.

Progress achievement

  • 50 households have improved their living conditions through the receipt of NFIs.

Activities SO 3.
As the household items were washed away by floods, and there was dire need learned during the assessment to provide them household items in the shape of Kitchen Sets and Bedding material. Caritas Pakistan adopted the same methodology as described in the distribution of food packages. As observed,the provided household items really helped the affected families to restore their lives. Moreover, Caritas Pakistan paid particular attention to the quality of the items provided in order to make sure that they can be used for a long time.
Caritas Pakistan has provided bedding material to 100 families.
Families were selected through the same criteria used for distribution of food packages.

SO 4: Health
Result 4.1 Health care services are available and accessible to 3,500 vulnerable individuals.

Progress achievement
1784 individuals have received medical services in 11 medical camps organized in flooded affected areas.

Activity Free medical Camps
Caritas Pakistan provided health services at their door stepswith the purpose to improve the health condition of affected families. Free of cost medicines were provided to affected individuals, medicine lists developed by professional doctor of Caritas Pakistan in consultation with district government health department facility located in relevant areas. The location of mobile medical camps was finalized in consultation with target communities.

Caritas Pakistan organized 11 mobile medical camps in flood affected areas and 1784 individuals received immediate and essential quality health services. Five medical camps were organized by Caritas Pakistan Islamabad-Rawalpindi diocese flood hit areas of district Mianwali.Six medical camps were organized by Caritas Pakistan Lahore diocese in flood hit areas of district Kasur.

Detail of medical camps is as under;

Sr. Area Date No. of Patients
Male Female Children Total
1 Chak 17 ML 13-08-15 34 88 6 128
2 Khan Muhammad Wala, 14-08-15 56 97 20 173
3 DeraBurhanwala, 15-08-15 58 113 70 241
4 Said PurHanjli, 30-09-2015 47 107 26 180
5 Chanda Singh, 04-09-2015 42 42 18 102
6 Ibne 25-10-15 37 68 57 162
7 Jabokey 20-11-2015 67 97 41 205
8 Chanda Singh 04-12-2015 68 86 23 177
9 Dulam 07-12-2015 28 72 32 132
10 Esakhel 27-12-2015 50 67 17 134
11 Piplan 28-12-2015 43 86 21 150
Total 530 923 331 1784

SO 5 Livelihood
Result 5.1 1000 households have sufficient quantity of fodder available for their livestock;
Result 5.2 300 flood affected farmers are able to cultivate wheat crops through adequate agri–inputs;
Result 5.3 Risk of diseases to 10,000 livestock is reduced;
Result 5.4 1,000 flood affected individuals demonstrate an increased knowledge and skills in managing livestock;
Result 5.5. 1000 individuals are enabled to preserve seed/fodder for a longer time through improved practices.

Progress achievement

  • 1,500 animal vaccinated
  • 87 individuals participated in 2 trainings on livestock management
  • 71 individuals participated in 2 trainings on seed/fodder preservation

Activities SO 5;

Animal vaccination

Farmers suffered due to the spread of many epidemics in the affected areas which also the effects the health of animals. Animals were having these diseases;

  • 22Aftiben(Foot and Mouth )
  • HemorrhagicSepticemia
  • FM 20 ( Foot and Mouth)
  • Niab HS (HemorrhagicSepticemia)
  • Enterotoxaemia(For Goats Especially)
  • Foot and Mouth Disease
  • Enterotoxaemia

1500 animal were vaccinated by Caritas Pakistan Lahore diocese in district Sialkot and Narowal in collaboration with district livestock department.

Training on Livestock Management & Food Preservation
2 trainings on livestock Management and 2 trainings on food preservation were organized by Caritas Pakistan Lahore diocese in district Narowal, 87& 71 participants respectively attended the trainings.

SO 6 Education
Result 6. 11,400 vulnerable school children don’t drop out of school as a result of floods;
Result 6.2 10 flood affected schools can be safely accessed;

Progress Achieved;
Due to limited funded appeal this sector was not initiated.

SO 7 DRR & Capacity Building
Result 7.1 500 community members have increased understanding of protection issues and have skills to mitigate the risks;
Result 7.2 Increased understanding of 1000 community members on DRR and flood preparedness

Progress Achieved:
85 community members participated in session on DRR and flood preparedness in 2 training sessions.

Activities SO 7.
DRR & Flood Preparedness Sessions

2 sessions on DRR & flood preparedness were organized by Caritas Pakistan Lahore diocese in district Sialkot, 85 participant. First session was held in Hanjli on September 28, 2015 attended by 45 and second session was held in Saidpur Hanjli attended by 40 community members.

CONTINGENCY SCENARIOS
The appeal was underfunded and therefore all targets weresignificantly reduced.

S. No Sectors Sectors Families Individuals
1 Food Security Food 55 330
2 WASH Hygiene Kits and awareness 305 1830
4 Hand Pumps 15 90
5 Latrines Construction 0 0
6 Health Health 1784 1784
7 NFIs/Shelter NFIs 50 300
8 Tents/Shelter Material 0 0
9 Livelihood Seed Distribution 0 0
10 Livestock Vaccination 1500
11 Training on Livestock Management 87 522
12 Training on Fodder Preservation 71 426

 

SECTOR NUMBER PLANNED
Food & nutrition 1200 households planned, 55 reached
Water, sanitation, and hygiene 3000 households planned 305 reached
Shelter and non-food items 300 households (shelter) planned, 0 reached

and 1500 households (NFIs) planned, 50 reached

Health 3500 planned, 1530 reached
Livelihoods 1500 individuals planned, 158 reached individuals
Education 1400 students (school children) planned, 0 reached
Capacity building / training 1,500 planned, 85 reached.

 

BENEFICIARY SELECTION AND INVOLVEMENT(Ref. Section 4.5 CI-MS).
Implementation of this project isin five diocesan units, Caritas Pakistan has existing in the areas through different interventions. So, field staff is very well aware of the cultural norms and behaviour of the communities which will help to select the deserving households and smooth implementation of the program with maximum participation of the communities.

Beneficiaries’ selection will be done keeping in consideration that most vulnerable and deserving households are benefited.

During the identification of the beneficiaries an initial Community Development Group (CDG) will be formed in every village/settlement. In case there is no Disaster Management Committee (DMC) exist. This group will be oriented about the selection criteria of beneficiaries, CDG and field will mutually select the beneficiaries. But overall responsibilities lies on CDG, Caritas Pakistan staff will be to there to facilitate the process and avoid any pressure or bias selection.

All household must be flood affected but priority will be given to following

  • Women headed households: there are numbers of women head households in society and normally they don’t have access to facilities because of the culture limitation. But once there are affected by floods in creates more hurdle for them, most of time they have limited access to the accurate information of relief assistance and at the time of un-organized distributions organized by different philanthropists create a mess and only male can access. Therefore particular importance will be given to these households.
  • Poor/low income households: low income and daily wages are already neglected member of society and during flood they lost everything and most important there is no livelihood opportunity so it become extremely hard for them to buy basic necessity of life i.e. food, health and shelter. Hence Caritas Pakistan will give them priority to be the beneficiaries of the interventions.
  • Persons with disabilities: Generally Pakistan society is no supportive to the persons with disabilities in normally days people make fun of them. They are considered as useless members of society and most of the time ignored in routine life. But it comes to be affected by disaster, no family has priority to support or encourage person with disabilities. Knowing the reality Caritas Pakistan will prioritise households having person with disabilities and their needs will also be catered.

For the distribution of fodder it will be ensured that small farmers/households don’t have access to fodder are selected. Fodder will be selected in consultation with relevant communities.

COORDINATION

Regular coordinating with district government at ground, more in depth communication is maintained with purpose to reach needy and avoid duplication. We are in consultation with NGOs/INGO active in the field i.e. Islamic Relief, Action aid, Malteser International, World vision and some local organization as well.Communication and coordination is continue with following

  • Punjab Emergency Services 1122,
  • Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA),
  • Pakistan Meteorology Department.
  • Flood Forecasting Division
  • UNOCHA
  • District Disaster Management Authority (DDMA)
  • Caritas Pakistan is in coordination with CIMOs based in Pakistan, for the purpose a meeting was held in Islamabad to discuss the developing situation of the floods and possible response plan of CIMOs in the country. Caritas Pakistan is sharing and communication with CIMOs based in Pakistan, consultation was also held with Caritas Germany and Trocaire to discuss flood response plan. A meeting was organized with Catholic Relief Services (CRS) to discussthe developing situation of floods in the country and the possible response strategy to meet the needs of the affected.
  • Caritas Pakistan has also organized meeting with diocesan units affected by floods with purpose to review the situation on ground and planning to respond the flood emergency and new formats form tool kits were also shared with diocesan units.

PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND CAPACITY

Caritas Pakistan has the capacities to plan, implement and monitor Emergency Appeals, in recent years one of the major disasters Caritas Pakistan responded to and managingEAs of more than a major scale €250,000 on regular basis. Earthquake 2005, Cyclone Yameen 2007, IDPs crisis 2009, Supper Floods 2010-2013, Drought Emergency 2014, TDPs crisis 2014.

Through these interventions Caritas Pakistan has gain considerable experience of planning and implementation of emergency response programs. One of the major lessons learned is working in close coordination with government and other humanitarian agencies which Caritas Pakistan has adapted. Therefore Caritas Pakistan has developed considerable relation with government at district, provincial and national level.

As the flood is regular feature and Caritas Pakistan have been managing same nature of project in recent years. Thereforeorganisations didn’t requested any additional operational support, such as ERST, STEP and Facilitating Partner.

Human resources (Ref: Section 2.4 CI-MS).
Existence staff members engaged for the implementation of the project, these staff members have the experience of managing activities for the flood and heavy rain affected in the past, but considering the working environment and the cultural issues, Caritas Pakistan hired/engaged local staff for better and prompt implementation of the activities.

B1 B1 NATIONAL OFFICE COSTS
B12 Project Manager 1 Person Full time
B13 Project Manager Finance 1 Person Portion
B14 Communication Officer 1 Person Portion
B15 Assistant Manager Finance 1 Person Portion
B16 Driver 1 Person Portion

 

B2 B2 DIOCESAN OFFICE COSTS
B21 Project Coordinator 1 for Each Diocese (1X5) Portion
B22 Diocesan Executive Secretary 1 for Each Diocese (1X5) Portion
B23 Project Manager Finance 1 for Each Diocese (1X5) Portion
B24 Driver 1 for Each Diocese (1X5) Portion

 

Logistics
Caritas Pakistan national secretariat and diocesan units utilized theexisting facilities of warehouses, vehicles and generators as well that was used duration the implementation of the project. But Caritas Pakistan also charged fuel and maintenance to this project.

Monitoring (Ref. Section 4.6 CI-MS).
The Diocesan Executive Secretary regularly visited the target areas and monitored the activities At diocesan level, and feedback from the affectees about the interventions of Caritas Pakistan was taken on fortnightly basis; suggestions and recommendations were made on ground to filed team whereas all information were regularly also be shared with national secretariat.

Caritas Pakistan National Secretariat has deployed human resources in Diocesan units; one preventative from National Secretariat was stationed in each diocesan unit to speed up the process and technical assistance, involvement in all process and monitoring of activities as well.

At National Secretariat level, team comprising of National Disaster Management Coordinator, National Coordinator DRR& Response, Communication Officer, Coordinator WASH and Monitoring & Field officer under leadership of Executive Director Mr. Amjad Gulzar also conducted periodic monitoring visits to target areas and also participated in the activities of the project on monthly basis. Suggestions and recommendations were made to diocesan staff for better service delivery.

As Caritas Pakistan consistently reported to District government prior and after the execution of activities, district Government also conducted monitoring visit on fortnightly basis. All concerns were discussed in coordination meetings that were held at district and provincial level.

Community Development Groups (CDGs) monitored the activities on ground and also facilitated monitoring visit conducted by Caritas Pakistan or government agencies. At village level CDGs was the executing body/responsible to national Secretariat team that were also conducted meeting with CIMOs in county, local government officials and discuss the progress of Caritas Pakistan interventions.