• Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM)
Keeping in view the vulnerability of the disaster prone communities Caritas Pakistan is implementing community based disaster risk management project to enhance and improve the community based resilience of the communities with the active participation of key stakeholders including DDMA, PDMA, NDMA, district government, community and high risk populations.
The project methodology is based on the following aspects:
Capacity Building of Staff
The project staff’s capacity and relevant skills will be built. The major inputs will be training of core staff, identification of master trainers from all dioceses, re-formation and strengthening the role of Emergency Response Support Team (ERST) at diocesan levels, capacity building of ERST team members, monitoring & evaluation exercises, development of M&E tools and checklists and exposure visit of staff locally and internationally to enhance their knowledge and grooming.
Caritas Pakistan has planned to conduct risk assessment to be able to make appropriate plans and implement concrete actions to reduce and/or eliminate disaster risks through genuinely sound disaster risk reduction interventions. All seven dioceses will identify high risk disaster prone two districts in each diocese and among them 84 villages will be identified through rigorous risk assessment exercise. The risk assessment will be based on participatory tools including community mapping, hazard mapping, transect walks, Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), vulnerability survey among households (on tailored questionnaire modified as per community need), Focus Group Discussions with Children, meetings with community elders and influential, computation of data and analysis. The detailed working methodology will be developed with the teams during the training.
This component of the project will prepare the communities to respond during the emergency for timely support to save human lives, livelihood / livestock, and infrastructure. The major activities include local capacity building / institutional development, mass scale education and awareness raising, school safety plans and awareness raising, community early warning systems, facilitation and coordination with government line departments and key actors for disaster risk reduction and advocacy activities with government at tehsil, district, provincial and national level, training of selected community members on CBDRM, first aid training, search and rescue training, development of disaster management plans at UC and village level, simulation exercises, mock drills, integration of disabled people, women, children and minorities in the CBDRM activities.
Prevention and Mitigation
After the scrupulous risk assessment finally 6 villages in each UC and total 84 villages in 14 selected districts will be selected for prevention, mitigation and preparedness activities. The major prevention and mitigation activities to be implemented are community food and cyclone resistant shelter in flood affected UCs and small scale mitigation activities at selected sites identified by the community, sing-posting in all communities, identification of seed and food storage facilities within the communities, introducing plantation of environment friendly plants like mangroves to community, small scale plantation at community level with school children and community and promotion of community based forestry and orchards for stabilization of land erosion.